Thus, maritime and port modernization is an imperative for all Mediterranean players. On the shipping side, the groups are large enough to maintain a high level of innovation. The other trend is also in the gigantism with the super ro-ro ships of Grimaldi and DFDS which goes in the direction of efficiency of the maritime transport.
For ports, the investments are also needed to organize the calls of larger ships and important flows. Ro-Ro ports need more space. In March 2022, the Barcelona Port Authority approved the transfer of the ro-ro cargo activity to Port Nou with 19 ha dedicated. This will also help reduce pollution in the center of Barcelona. In the case of Marseilles, the port community is asking the port authority (GPM) to launch an ambitious modernization project for the ro-ro port in the Eastern basins.
The rail link is a new feature for ro-ro transport in the Mediterranean Sea. The objective is to ensure the complementarity of the Ro-Ro maritime and rail solutions. The integration of rail and maritime solutions has a Mediterranean origin, but is linked to a specific market. In 1992, the war in Yugoslavia disrupted logistics between Turkey and Europe. The Turkish road transport sector developed a maritime solution via the Aegean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. The Italian port of Trieste thus became the gateway for Turkish cargos to Europe.
In the 2000s, the integration of the European and Turkish economies has become increasingly strong and the density of trade has increased. Connectivity has therefore developed. France has been integrated with first the port of Toulon and then the port of Sete. Since 2021, a line also connects the Spanish port of Tarragona with the needs of the Spanish textile giant Inditex.