EuroMed partner country efforts and achievements with EuroMed TSP and RRU support
Harmonization of national legislation in the region along the said regal frameworks, is rigorously promoted through regional and national workshops, seminars and technical assistance missions organized by EuroMed Projects in all partner countries. Study tours were held under EuroMed Projects, in Geneva, Switzerland and Haute Savoie, France and in Padua-Vicenza-Venice area, Italy. Roadmaps on accession and implementation of AETR, ATP and 1958 and 1997 Agreements were elaborated and published in cooperation with UNECE. High-level participation of EuroMed officials in the work of selected UNECE intergovernmental bodies in Geneva, were encouraged and facilitated. National strategies were elaborated and or reviewed with EuroMed Projects support, aimed at promoting accession to and effective implementation of UN Agreements along with studies, analytical work, economic impact assessments, and pilot actions.
These efforts raised awareness amongst EuroMed partners on the vital importance of the UN Agreements and respective EU legislation and helped them familiarize with the relevant work of UNECE and EU. National legislations have been modified in almost all EuroMed partners, inspired by those UN Agreements and EU best practices, while accession and implementation to these agreements is ongoing. The accession of Palestine to the TIR Convention, in 2017 and to the Road Traffic Convention, in 2019 as well as that of Tunisia to the 1997 Agreement, in 2020, are among the concrete achievements, while Egypt’s accession to the TIR Convention is forthcoming. Moreover, EuroMed partner efforts led to the opening of AETR to Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia, while soon AETR will be opened also to Egypt.
Concerted efforts are also pursued in the region for enhancing professionalism of drivers and operators as well as technical state of vehicle fleet. Mandatory training for professional drivers of certain road vehicles categories inspired by Directive 2003/59/EC is pursued already by some EuroMed partners and their drivers safety performance is being improved by respecting driving and rest times rules following the AETR Agreement. Rules for the access to the profession of transport operator inspired by Regulation 1071/2009/EC are applied in several EuroMed countries and same is valid the transport of dangerous goods. The technical state of the vehicle circulating in the region has been drastically improved through the application of some of the Regulations annexed to the UN 1958 and 1997 Agreements and EU best practice, including elements of Directives 2014/45/EU and 2014/47/EU.
EuroMed Projects have been instrumental in assisting partner countries, harmonize their transport regulations and enhance the performance of transport operations in the region in support of the implementation of the regulatory aspects of the RTAP 2014 – 2020. However, in spite the efforts, as seen in the following table, accession to the selected UN road transport legal instruments is still not well advanced. Lack of Human recourses at the concerned Ministries and lack or limited cross-border road freight transport operations reducing the urgency of the need for harmonisation, are among the problems facing EuroMed countries with regard to their accession to these legal instruments. The Covid-19 pandemic has also negatively affected this process.