The transport and logistics sector has demonstrated a great capacity for innovation in order to adapt to the changing needs of consumers and the industrial sector. In the 1980s new capabilities were created for just-in-time manufacturing, in the 1990s new technologies were adopted to deal with e- ecommerce and in 2000 for globalization. After 2015 new adjustments were required to respond to Re-Shoring and Near-Shoring and 2020 brought the impact of COVID-19.
This is why Transport and Logistics sector has a proven track record of adopting new technologies, such as ERP, RFID, collective planning (CPFR), process automation and digitization, which have required the development of expensive digital infrastructures.
We are now facing a new wave of key technologies, of great impact, implementable at low cost, and with democratizing effects, as:
- The new infrastructures required by these technologies are offered on-demand, at reduced cost and risk.
- They are based on the integration and mutual leverage of existing and proven technologies.
- They take advantage of the capabilities created during the digitization process.
- They have been successfully adopted and tuned by the industrial sector with such good results that they have been denominated Manufacturing 4.0, and also, a tad bombastically, 4th Industrial Revolution.
In the following articles, we address these key technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence, Internet-Industrial-of-Things, Advanced Robotics, as well as Autonomous Vehicles, New Interfaces, Digital Platforms and BlockChain, with the objective of separating hype from reality, in order to describe them, analyse its maturity and adoption, as well as its current and potential impact and applications in large and small companies, as well as in leading countries and developing countries.