EUROPEAN UNION- MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA (UE-MENA)
The Euro-Mediterranean cooperation runs in parallel with the denominated Process of Barcelona that kicked off with the Conference of Barcelona of 1995. That conference gathered the European Commission and the Head of State of the EU, North Africa and Middle East, where it was decided, among others, to promote and develop transportation across the region a as key element for socio-economic development.
Based on the work of the Process of Barcelona, the EU then stablished an encompassing Neighborhood Policy organized around two large zones with specific cooperation programs: Southern Cooperation with the Middle East and North African countries, denominated (EU-MENA), and also Eastern Cooperation with Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and the Caucasus countries.
EUROMED TRANSPORT FORUM (FET)
All transport multilateral cooperation initiatives within EU-MENA where integrated in the EuroMed Transport Forum (FET), where CETMO had a leading role defining FET’s policy agenda and by sharing and leveraging CETMO’s experience and credibility as Technical Secretariat of the GTMO 5+5. (Please check GTMO 5+5 section).
CETMO also provided the seminal analysis, framework and technical guidelines for the two first broad programs undertaken by FET; REG-MED (Regulatory Framework Improvement), and DESTIN (Defining and Evaluating a Strategic Transport Infrastructure Network in the Western Mediterranean). Moreover In the case of the DESTIN program, CETMO coordinated an Euro-Maghreb consortium to analyze and improve cross-region transport interoperability and its compatibility with the EU’s Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T).
Additionally CETMO has also conducted and collaborated in many of the FET’s programs and initiatives. CETMO also collaborated in FET’s Regional Plan I and is currently engaged in the ongoing execution of the Regional Plan II.
UNION FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN (UfM)
To accelerate Mediterranean Cooperation, the UfM was created In 2008 as an amplified forum that enconpassed the EU and most of the MENA countries plus the Balkans. CETMO was involved since its inception, supporting the creation of the Secretariat of the UfM and collaborating in the definition of UfM policies. CETMO lead the adoption of transport as one of the key lines of cooperation and defined and successfully promoted two large Mediterranean Cooperation Programs: the Trans-Maghreb Multimodal Corridor and the fast sea connection Motorways of the Sea (UfM-Mos).
As a result, CETMO conducted the first two transport programs of the UfM: LOGISMED, addressed to modernize region logistics and financed by the European Investment Bank program; and the Trans-Maghreb Multimodal Corridor, composed of a variety of regional transport Infrastructure and Interoperability projects.
Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation continued evolving with the merging of UfM and the Euromed Transport Forum (FET). CETMO today has an ongoing collaboration with FET and UfM, providing technical support, advocating specific strategies transport policies, designing and proposing initiatives, and executing and coordinating regional transport and logistics projects.