Once that said, as indicated previously, Key Technologies allow for Collaborative Economy and new de-centralized business models. They also require less infrastructure than previous technological changes, which may favour their adoption and application to new countries where there is limited industrial and infrastructure base, where they can be even adjusted to new uses based on each country capabilities and needs.
Key Technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Industrial Internet of Things, Drones, Interfaces, Additive Manufacturing and BlockChain do not require greater investment in technological infrastructure, since they are accessible on demand, through digital platforms, which favours the application in countries with limited industrial base and infrastructure. Likewise, they facilitate the collaborative economy and new decentralized business models
Indeed, these technologies provide the capacity to allow developing countries to skip and leapfrog technologies without the requirements of a traditional industry infrastructure, much on the way as mobile telephony made unnecessary landlines and allowed for cheap and widespread communications and internet access across Africa. Communications that allowed new business models and economic development.
Industrial 3D Printing offers intriguing possibilities of production without large manufacturing installations, and already exist specialized companies in Morocco, Tunis and Egypt among other countries. Drones can make up for the chronical lack of traditional transport infrastructures, and already exist specialized providers in Morocco, Tunis and Nigeria for example. BlockChain with its inherent transparency, has the ability to facilitate safer, reliable transactions in situations where until now has not been possible, thus facilitating, trade, growth and development.