FREIGHT TRANSPORT FLOWS IN THE WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN
Long term evolution of trans-Mediterranean maritime flows
The evolution of maritime flows between the two shores of the Western Mediterranean is marked by the crisis of 2008, which represents a significant decrease in volumes that lasted until 2016. From that year onward, an apparent consolidation of new trends towards increased flows took place up until 2019.
Long term evolution of transmediterranean maritime flows by handling mode
The evolution of maritime flows has also undergone a transformation of their composition by type of handling. Liquid bulk is reduced and there is an increase in general merchandise, which is composed of containers, RORO and other general cargo.
Quarterly evolution of transmediterranean maritime flows. The effects of COVID19. 2019-2020
Since the first quarter of 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has negatively affected the volume of maritime freight between Maghreb countries and the European shore of the GTMO 5+5. Nevertheless, these effects differ depending on the country. The most affected flows are clearly those related to Libya, meanwhile the relationships with Morroco only register a decrease in the second quarterly, returning to increasing volumes in the third one.
Transmediterranean freight flows by country
The distribution of maritime merchandise flows between countries is not homogeneous. On the contrary, it is clearly conditioned by the size of national economies and the proximity between countries.